Funding Opportunity PAR-19-304 from the NIH Guide for Grants and Contracts. This Funding Opportunity Announcement (FOA) encourages Exploratory/Developmental Phase II (R33) grant applications to facilitate early-stage T1 translation (bench-to-bedside) of discoveries from basic and applied research in aging into novel therapeutics for the prevention and treatment of clinical conditions related to aging or multiple chronic conditions in older people (e.g., sarcopenia, hearth failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFePF), immunosenescence, pulmonary fibrosis, metabolic syndrome, chronic kidney disease). This includes the development of pharmacological strategies such as new classes of compounds (e.g., senolytics, anti-inflammatory agents, modulators of proteostasisand autophagy), natural products (or their derivatives, mimics, and synthetic equivalents), biologics, stem/progenitor cell-based therapies, and the repurposing of Food and Drug Administration (FDA)-approved drugs. Applications submitted in response to this FOA may involve novel treatment targets and/or innovative approaches for engaging known targets.
National Institutes of Health (NIH)
As of 2013, the IRP had 1,200 principal investigators and more than 4,000 postdoctoral fellows in basic, translational, and clinical research, being the largest biomedical research institution in the world, while, as of 2003, the extramural arm provided 28% of biomedical research funding spent annually in the U.S., or about US$26.4 billion.
The NIH comprises 27 separate institutes and centers of different biomedical disciplines and is responsible for many scientific accomplishments, including the discovery of fluoride to prevent tooth decay, the use of lithium to manage bipolar disorder, and the creation of vaccines against hepatitis, Haemophilus influenzae (HIB), and human papillomavirus (HPV).